Ideal vs. individual facial beauty?
Research has shown that “pretty” faces are easy on both eyes and brain, so we identify them faster than other faces. This ability exists early on in our lives -even newborn babies recognize beautiful faces!
But how do we determine the term “beautiful face”?
Studies performed in average people show they identify the most attractive faces as those with strong parallels to the Golden ratio. We heard also that plastic surgeons use Golden ratio when they recommend solutions to their patients: the length of the nose corresponds to the length of the forehead and to the length from below the nose to the top of the chin. The distance between the external eye corner and the top of the ear is equal to the two lengths of the eye.
Is the Golden ratio of this ideal beauty standard, the ultimate goal?
We posed that question to a professional whose job is to make beautiful faces who is also a beautiful woman, Dr Violeta Skorobać Ašanin plastic surgeon, from the Diona hospital for aesthetic, plastic and reconstructive surgery in Belgrade.
According to Dr Violeta, each face has its own individual beauty that she would like to restore –and not change its basic image, because it is part of someone’s individuality and identity.
To understand the weak spots and opportunities for different plastic and aesthetic intervention techniques, the plastic surgeon examines facial skin, fat, bone structure and asymmetry in the following ways:
The plastic surgeon evaluates the quality of the skin and the degree to which the skin lost its elasticity. A significant facial sagging is a sign that face lifting is necessary. In this way, their regenerative potentials are started, and the skin rejuvenates itself for a period of three to six months. In addition to this sophisticated method, there are general techniques for skin renewal, whose surface layer is removed and the regeneration is stimulated. This can be achieved using a mechanical dermabrader, laser or chemical peeling. Mimic wrinkles can be removed with Dysport or Botox, and can be alleviated by filling with hyaluronic filaments. The skin is fed with regular mesotherapy treatments, when a variety of nutritious cocktails are inserted into the middle part of the skin.
Maintenance of the core of the face depends, among other things, on the amount of subcutaneous fat and the presence of fat pads. Depending on the appearance, the fat needs to be removed (liposuction) or redistributed and filled in.
A plastic surgeon also assesses whether the facial muscles are preserved in terms of position and thickness. The position can be corrected during muscle lifting but the thickness is corrected solely by the transfer of fat. To get natural lifting results it is necessary to tighten the muscles in the vectors of their relaxation.
Bone facial structures play a key role in defining facial beauty. The pronounced facial bones give the face a specialty, authenticity and expressiveness. We remember faces by bone structure. Losing the structure and thickness of the bone due to desorption, for example, in case of a teeth loss, paradentosis or aging, is a serious loss of beauty. Replacement and emphasis of bone structures is the most significant work of aesthetic surgeon. Bone structure of the face can be emphasized by implants (cheekbones, beard, and jaw) or deep bone fillers for bone contour formation.
The interesting thing about faces is that there is always the natural asymmetry, so the two halves of the face are never identical. A plastic surgeon must recognize and evaluate whether he/she can and should correct an asymmetry. But in what way and how, it is the art in aesthetic facial correction. Asymmetries can disturb, and at the same time they can give special and unusual beauty. The decision to correct or undo the asymmetry is very delicate, and both the doctor and the patient must pay special attention to it.
So, coming back to our earlier question we understand that our individual, not “the ideal beauty”, is what needs to be sought. If we correctly comprehend our shortcomings and discover their causes, and if they can be eliminated in the offered ways, then we will be very pleased with our appearance.
But is there an ideal technique that makes the patient look like a younger version of herself or himself for a long time? Dr Violeta recommends lifting the face into six vectors, the technique of tightening the muscles in a natural way, in the vectors in which they spread. This way, the position of the musculature returns to the original condition. The muscles and the skin that accompany them shift in the natural vectors, so the appearance after surgery is natural, with a long-lasting lifting result, because the aging process continues its natural way. The scars are made inside the hair, ear, behind the ear, so they are completely invisible.
The cost of lifting the face in six vectors includes blood test, cardiology and anesthesiology examinations, Doppler deep blood vessel test, 24h hospital stay, postoperative care and medications needed 5 days after surgery.
Photo: Specialized hospital for aesthetic, plastic and reconstructive surgery Diona Belgrade.