The first settlements on Serbian soil exist from 40,000 BC.
In the Mesolithic era, there was the Lepenski vir culture in the Đerdap gorge. The remnants of the culture could be seen in the museum at theplace (see Attractions for more info).
In the Neolithic and the bronze age there were so called Vinča and Vatin culture.
Romans came and made several cities, of which Sirmium (Sremska Mitrovica) was named as one of the capitals of the entire Roman empire in the 4thcentury.
In 269 AD the Roman emperor Claudius defeated the Goths near the Serbian city of Niš.
From the 3rd to 4th century, several Roman emperors are born on the soil of modern Serbia (Aurelian, Probus, Galerius and Constantine the great).
In 395 after the split of the Roman empire, Serbia became part of its eastern portion.
From 527-565 Byzantine emperor Justinian built and reconstructed cities, raised churches, and built a new city near his birth place in southern Serbia called Justiniana Prima.
Following the Slavic migrations to the Balkans from the 6thcentury onwards, Serbs established several states in the early middleages.
The Serbian kingdom obtained recognition by Rome and Constantinople in 1217 and reached its peak in 1346 as a relatively short-lived Serbian empire. By the mid-16th century, the entire territory of modern-day Serbia was annexed by the Ottoman empire, periodically interrupted by the Habsburgs.
In the early 19th century, the Serbian revolution established the nation-state as the region's first constitutional monarchy, which subsequently expanded its territory.
Following disastrous casualties in World war I, where Serbia fought at the side of Great Britain and France and was responsible for winning at the Macedonian front a new country, Yugoslavia, was made by the unification of all Southern Slavic nations (Serbs, Croats, Slovenians) under the Serbian king.
After the WWII Yugoslavia became a communist country ruled by the partisan military and political leader Tito. After his death in 1974 the country come under crisis, culminated by separation of today’s Slovenia and Croatia and the Yugoslav wars of the 1990s, which had devastating effects for the region. As a result of the war, Serbia stayed in a union with Montenegro formed in 1992, still under the name of Yugoslavia, which finally broke apart in 2006 and Serbia became again an independent country. In 2008 the Parliament of Kosovo, Serbia's southern province with an Albanian ethnic majority, declared independence,with mixed responses from the international community.
Serbia is official candidate for joining EU, with the ongoing and progressing accession process. Serbia is a military independent country.